Royal daimler limousine


Royal Daimler Limousine

A Collector's Dream

Commisioned For Aristocracy
Original Vintage Condition
Extensive Research and Documentation
Original Renderings from the
Royal Palace in England

The Royal Daimler Limousine

  The first motorized royal coach in the world was a 6 hp Daimler supplied to King Edward VII, (Prince of Wales) in 1899. Over the next 36 years, the Kings and Queens of England would own 36 Daimler coaches, no other marque was taken. In the early days, Rolls Royce was considered the car for industrialists (nouveau rich), while the Daimler was made for gentlemen. By 1909, Daimler Cars were owned by the British King, the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke of Connaught, Princess Henry of Battenberg, and the company held royal warrants of appointment to the German Kaiser and the King of Spain. Hooper and Company was chosen as the Royal coach builder, and it was considered an honor for them to accept a new client as a customer. Hooper was extremely discriminating about their clientele, since they were known by their high class of owner.

  "A vast number of Daimler cars were in service during the Coronation celebrations of 1937. It was estimated at the time that a thousand figured in one way or another, and the photograph of Whitehall shows a long procession of Daimler cars which took part. There were 150 Daimlers — of the ‘straight eight’ type — specifically chartered for the use of Empire Prime Ministers and other distinguished guests. Many were sent to the coastal ports to bring visitors from overseas direct to London by road. It was an impressive sight and one of which there is good cause for the Daimler Company to be proud when, on Coronation Day, a long procession of Daimler cars swept out of Buckingham Palace to the Abbey in a line containing Princes and Princesses, Ambassadors, Ministers, Admirals and Generals." (Brian Smith, Daimler Days)

  The Nethercutt Automobile Collection of Merle Norman Cosmetics (Sylmar California) (acclaimed as the most expensive car collection the world), includes both a 1928 and 1932 Hooper built Daimlers.

  This vehicle was purchased by King George V attorney Douglas Beven "for his wife". History shows that attorney Douglas Beven had no wife however, as he was gay. In 1934 King George V had despised the actions of his son David, who was to become King Edward in 1935. David was dating a married American woman named Wallace Simpson, and King George V told David that since the throne was the head of the church of England, David’s behavior was bringing ill repute to the throne. Because of this, King George V restricted David from using any of the royal vehicles.

  In conclusion, David commissioned the king’s attorney, Douglas Beven, to quietly and under the radar of the public eye, acquire this 1935 Hooper Daimler Limousine built in 1934 for the attorney’s wife, and since Douglas had no wife, it transferred to David, who gave it to Wallace Simpson as a gift, and was to be kept in London for David and Wallace’s use.

  History reports witnesses that people saw Adolf Hitler and Wallace Simpson riding together in the back of a black limousine in London. At that time, Wallace Simpson had been friends with Hitler, and he would meet with her when he would come to London to attempt to convince Parliament to join him in his war efforts.

  The original Hooper Factory Renderings on this vehicle are currently kept in the Royal Archives with a file number (5870) in the upper left corner of the drawings.

Commisioned For Aristocracy

  • Owner stated Mrs. Bevan.
  • Signed as L.E.D. Bevan, Esq. -- Lawrence Emlyn Douglas Bevan, Esquire
  • Relative of the co-founder of Barclay Bank
  • L.E.D. Bevan never married, which is uncommon for a man of aristocracy at the time.
  • "He lived in Troston Cottage as a "bachelor" with his chauffeur" - a term used by the aristocracy of the time for a homosexual.
  • Mrs. M.L. Bevan may have existed, likely a fake name
  • Museum name got L.E.D. original Bevan certificate from
  • Aristocracy, rich high end in bank, made lots of donations throughout life (more info at Troston Cottage)
  • Esquire to the king
  • After extensive research looking through the ancestral hierarchy determined that Mrs. Bevan didn't exist

What The Package Includes

  • Original License Plate AAR-297.
  • Daimler Straight Eight Limousine, known as 'the Twenty-Five'
  • Chassis finished on September 28, 1934, for 1935 delivery.
  • Type V26 Engine, more details in Specs gallery.
  • Limousine Body built by Hooper & Company, Ltd
  • ​Chassis #: 38341
  • ​Engine #: 78095
  • Body #: 8244
  • 27,000 original miles

Jaguar Daimler Heritage Trust

This particular DS420 was originally supplied to Her Majesty the Queen Mother, replacing an earlier car of the same model that Her Majesty had used, and while in her ownership it was registered NLT 2, one of several NLT numbers found on cars owned by The Queen Mother.  This car, finished in the traditional Royal colours of black over claret, was in fact the second from last of the DS420 range.

The Queen Mother decided that her Jaguar and Daimler cars should eventually return to the Jaguar Company’s museum, which duly happened after Her Majesty passed away in 2002.

When Jaguar merged with the British Motor Corporation in 1966, both companies manufactured limousine models, the ageing Daimler Majestic Major and the Vanden Plas Princess 4 litre.  It was decided to replace both of these older models with a single new limousine, which would bear the Daimler name and would be based on Jaguar components, but which would be assembled in the Vanden Plas factory at Kingsbury in London.

The result was the DS420 which was launched in 1968 and co-incidentally became the first new model of the newly-merged British Leyland company.  It was based on an extended floorpan from the Jaguar 420G, which made the DS420 the biggest ever British car with unitary body construction.  The engine was the well-known Jaguar XK in 4.2 litre form, with an automatic gearbox as standard.  The semi-razor-edged style of the body was probably inspired by some of the classic Hooper bodies on Daimler chassis.

The basic bodyshell was supplied by Motor Panels in Coventry and mechanical components were fitted by Jaguar at Browns Lane, before the limousines were sent to Vanden Plas for final assembly and trim.   When the Vanden Plas factory closed in 1979, final assembly and trim moved back to a special Limousine Shop in the Jaguar factory at Browns Lane.

Station Commander Lt Col J Williams RLC (left) and his Regimental Sergeant Major Banks RLC

Being both a limousine and having its Royal connection the Trust receives numerous requests to use this car, and while we are happy to keep it running and driving we are normally fairly selective about its use.  We were happy in April 1991 to provide this to our local Army depot – CAD Kineton for the retirement of the Station Commander Lt Col J Williams RLC.

Without his knowledge, his Regimental Sergeant Major – RSM Banks RLC contacted us and asked us to provide this car so that he could be chauffeured off the Station for the final time, in style.  We are always happy to support CAD Kineton as their staff do a lot of STEM education work with the British Motor Museum, so with military precision and secrecy, we delivered the car and hid it one of the service garages that the Lt Col would definitely not visit for a couple of days.

It was wheeled out on cue for his final journey and he was driven off the Station by  Station Master Driver WO2 N Gillan.

RSM Banks graciously wrote this up in full as a gesture of thanks to JDHT – click on the link below for the full story.

A fitting end to time in Command April 2021 Retirement of Kineton Station Commander Lt Col Williams RLC.

 

Registration Mark: K123 EYL

Chassis Number: SAJDWATL3AA201629

Owner: The Jaguar Daimler Heritage Trust

Inventory Number: 135/D.43

Price when new: One still doesn't discuss money.

Her Majesty's Limousines

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Maxim Kartashev | January 22, 2016, 04:01 PM


The end of the 19th century was marked by the emergence of a new, hitherto unseen type of transport called a car. At first, the newfangled vehicle caused fear and rejection by a significant part of society. One of the pioneers and enthusiasts of the automotive business, the Frenchman Baudry de Saunier, in his famous book "Basic Concepts of Motoring", published in 1902, wrote: “The main reason for the obstacles that the development of motoring still encounters should be sought in the hatred for all sorts of new products, which is found today not only among savage, but also among civilized peoples. For those who doubt this, let us recall the obstacles that steamships and railways once encountered, those sarcasms that greeted the advent of the telegraph and telephone, the initial campaigns against the bicycle, now the most used public carriage, and so on. ".
As if to confirm this remark of the famous Frenchman, Queen Victoria, shortly before her death in 1901, said to the caretaker of the Royal stables: "I hope you will not allow any of these terrible cars to appear in my stables." Royal limousines in the royal stables
But, her son King Edward VII, who came to power after the death of the queen, did not share the views of his mother. He was friends with a passionate motorist - Lord Montagu. It was Lord Montagu who first installed the famous Spirit of ecstasy mascot, depicting his beloved Eleanor Thornton, on his Rolls-Royce car. Subsequently, this mascot became the hallmark of the company.
Lord Montagu "infected" the future King Edward VII with his passion when he was still crown prince, giving him a ride in his Daimler car. As a result, it was Daimler that became the first official supplier of cars for the needs of the royal court and for many years captured the palm. Today, some of the early cars from the Royal Garage, which are now in a well-deserved rest, can be seen in a small exhibition on the grounds of Sandringham Palace (Sundringham House).
Exposition at Sandringham
The first British monarch to break Daimler's hegemony and start using cars from another more than worthy Rolls-Royce brand was the current reigning Queen Elizabeth II. The first Rolls-Royce Phantom IV was commissioned by Their Royal Highnesses, Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh in 1950, at a time when Elizabeth was still Crown Princess.
Rolls-Royce Phantom IV
Since the car was in private use at the time and was not yet considered an official state car, it was painted green. After Elizabeth's accession to the British throne at 19In 52, this car acquired state status and was repainted in burgundy (the so-called royal claret) and black. This car is still sometimes used by members of the British royal family. The last time the car appeared in public during the wedding of Prince William of Wales and Kate Middleton, and was intended to transport Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, from Clarence House to Westminster Abbey. Currently, this wonderful car, along with the royal horse-drawn carriages, is on permanent display at The Royal Mews. Another Phantom IV with a convertible body entered the Royal Garage at 1954 year. This car was used by the queen only a few times during foreign visits to countries with a warm climate.
Aston Martin at the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton
Subsequently, the royal fleet was replenished with several more Rolls-Royce cars of various modifications. For example, in 1961, the Royal Garage received a Rolls-Royce Phantom V, designed for especially solemn trips. It was this car that accompanied Elizabeth II during her state visit to Russia in October 1994 years old.
Royal Rolls-Royce with an escort of motorcyclists on Ivanovskaya Square in the Moscow Kremlin. The photo was taken during the official visit of the Queen to Russia
It seemed that the Rolls-Royce brand would now always reign supreme in the Royal Garage, but in 2002 it was first supplanted by another no less famous British company Bentley, which since 1998 has been part of the Volkswagen concern group. It must be said that until relatively recently, the queen did not use armored vehicles, since it was believed that the love of the British for their monarch is extremely great, and you don’t have to worry about special protection measures. But the terrorist threats of the 21st century that have come have forced us to radically change approaches in this area and in prosperous foggy Albion.
The policeman and the royal Bentley
And it was the armored Bentley, made according to a special project based on the Bentley Arnage car, that was presented to the Queen by the British supplier community as a gift for the golden (50th) anniversary of her reign. Her Majesty liked the car so much that later she ordered another one exactly the same. In size, these cars are significantly superior to the base model Bentley Arnage. As you know, the cars of the Queen of England do not have state registration plates and they are simply assigned serial numbers. In this case Bentley #1 and Bentley #2.
Her Majesty exits the royal Bentley
It is clear that due to the special status of these cars, they are equipped with the latest technology. The vehicles are protected by special armor plates and have bulletproof glass. The floor of the cars protects passengers from a bomb explosion.
Her Majesty's Bentley. Description of features.
The cabin is completely sealed and can withstand gas attacks. The cabin has a glass partition that separates the front and rear of the cabin, which can be controlled by passengers on their own. A special transparent roof allows subjects to see their monarch while moving. The rear seats of limousines can be adjusted in height individually for each passenger, so that during official trips the heads of royalty of different heights are at the same level. The weight of the royal Bentley is 7470 kg, that is, twice as much as the base model Bentley Arnage. A V-shaped engine with a volume of 6.75 liters and a power of 400 hp is installed on the car. Acceleration to 60 km / h occurs in 6 seconds. The electronic top speed limiter is programmed to 120 km/h. The body of the car is painted in the traditional color "royal claret" in combination with a black roof.
Assembly of the Royal Bentley on the slipway
During the Queen's official trips, instead of the standard one, her personal mascot is installed on the car radiator - a figurine of St. George slaying a snake. The mascot was designed by the famous British artist Edward Seago.
Royal Mascot
During the Queen's visits to Scotland, a silver lion mascot, formerly owned by the Queen Mother, is used. The mascot of the Duke of Edinburgh, the queen's wife, is a heraldic lion topped with a crown.
It is interesting that all the technical staff who took part in the creation of the royal car Bentley, at the end of the work, were given special commemorative signs in a gift box, as well as photographs depicting this wonderful car.
Royal Bentley assembly badge
The approximate cost of one such car is estimated at 10 million pounds sterling. However, even such a high price and, it would seem, the highest quality, cannot fully insure the car against malfunctions. A curious case is known when, in January 2013, during the short trip of the Queen to Sandringham Palace after a service at the Church of St. Mary Magdalene, located less than a kilometer from the palace, the driver managed to start her beloved Bentley only on the seventh attempt in front of numerous onlookers.
By the way, the queen is driven by the main driver or his deputy. At the same time, there are no hierarchical differences among the royal chauffeurs, and they both wear the same uniform. It consists of a dark blue double-breasted jacket and trousers, as well as a cap decorated with a black ribbon and a silver cockade. On the buttons of the jacket there is an image of the crown of St. Edward. The brown leather chauffeur's gloves are a tribute to the tradition of royal carriage rides. The chief chauffeur's duties also include coordinating the duties of the garage staff in accordance with the schedule of Her Majesty's departures.
Royal Chauffeurs Uniform
It should be added that in addition to Daimler, Rolls-Royce and Bentley cars, which have the status of State Cars, there are other cars in the Queen's garage that perform a less noticeable, but no less important job. For example, Ford and Vauxhall vehicles are commonly used to transport luggage. The Queen herself often drives Range Rover, Vauxhall, Jaguar and Volkswagen cars.
The Queen driving a Range Rover
It is known that Elizabeth II pays great attention to environmental protection. For this reason, in 2009In 1999, she ordered her Bentleys to be converted to biofuel. In addition, for the maintenance of Buckingham Palace, by order of Her Majesty, several Toyota Prius hybrid cars were purchased.
Other members of the royal family had their own "car" preferences. The Queen Mother, who lived for over 100 years, passed away in 2002, driving a chic Daimler DS420. Prince Charles often used cars from another famous British brand, Aston Martin, in his private life.
Aston Martin at wedding ceremony
The first car of this company - model DB6 MK2 - was presented to him by the Queen Mother for his 21st birthday. Later, Charles handed over this car to his eldest son, Prince William. At the wheel of this particular car, Prince William went to a wedding party with his young wife Kate Middleton after the completion of the official marriage ceremony.
Few people know that until recently, Queen Elizabeth herself could be seen driving a car. After all, even during the Second World War, Her Majesty joined the "Auxiliary Territorial Service" - women's self-defense units, where she was trained as an ambulance driver, receiving the military rank of lieutenant.
The Queen driving an ambulance
Most of the cars in the Royal fleet are not available for permanent viewing. However, in June 2012, as part of the celebration of the diamond (60th) anniversary of the reign of Elizabeth II, a unique event took place on the territory of the Heritage Motor Center in the city of Gaydon. In total, for nine days, cars were exhibited there that served the royal family of Great Britain in different years.



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Autobiography of Queen Elizabeth II | NEWS MEDIA

The subjects of the British Crown said goodbye to their monarch, Elizabeth II. It seemed that she would be eternal: her reign went through so many historical eras that it simply does not fit in the head. Post-war reconstruction, the hippie sixties, the bloody conflict in Ireland, the strikes of the seventies, the difficult eighties, scandals in the royal family ... Queen Elizabeth lived these 70 years with great dignity. Of course, the role of the living embodiment of Great Britain implies a lot of official visits - and the Motor editors tried to collect photos of ceremonial cars. But not only: after all, the queen herself was not averse to driving - for example, when she visited her Scottish estate or went with her family to the traditional races in Windsor Great Park...

Young years

You won't find anything like this in the Russian-speaking space - it was a very long time ago! - but in the British press, Elizabeth was for some time called the "princess auto mechanic." The fact is that during the Second World War, the 19-year-old princess volunteered for the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Corps of the British Army, where she took auto mechanic courses. In the service, she didn’t have to drive anything - from small jeeps to hefty trucks! During her military service, she reached the rank of junior commander (this is the equivalent of a captain's rank).

Imperial War Museum collectionRoyal Collection TrustImperial War Museum collectionImperial War Museum collectionImperial War Museum collection

Official transport

Elizabeth was proclaimed queen after the death of her father, King George VI in 1952. And, of course, she inherited official cars from him - four long-wheelbase Daimler DE 36 1947 and 1949 releases. Today, few people remember this English brand, but in the first half of the 20th century, such cars were the favorite choice of the British elite. There was even a saying “Daimler is for gentlemen, Rolls-Royce for businessmen”. All Daimlers, on which the monarch moved, were equipped with an in-line “eight” with a volume of 5.5 liters - with an overhead valve gas distribution, with a capacity of 150 horsepower.

One of the royal Daimler DE 36 limousines today, on display at the Coventry Transport Museum
Robert Knight back in 1950, she purchased a Phantom IV with a body from H. J. Mulliner. It is said that her husband, Prince Philip, insisted on this: during a visit to the Rolls-Royce factory, he drove an experimental Bentley with an in-line "eight" and was fascinated by the excellent traction and smoothness of the engine. The luxury limousine with chassis number 4AF2 was equipped with just such a 6.3-liter engine - it was the very first of only 18 cars of this model. It was in this car that Elizabeth arrived at the coronation site. Well, the ceremony itself took place without cars: the new monarch was carried, as tradition requires, on a gilded carriage of the 18th century - you can still see it on a tour of Buckingham Palace.

The very first Rolls-Royce Phantom IV was commissioned by Princess Elizabeth - the future Queen Elizabeth II The very first Rolls-Royce Phantom IV was commissioned by Princess Elizabeth - the future Queen Elizabeth II The same car today. The photo clearly shows the traditional two-tone coloring of the official cars of the monarch. He is on the streets of London. He is on the streets of London

Initially, this Phantom was green, but on the occasion of the coronation it was repainted according to the two-tone scheme traditional for the royal stables - black and "burgundy claret". And since this Rolls-Royce was transferred to the status of the official car of the monarch, from that moment it lost its license plates - these are the rules in the UK. The machine was operated until recently - and we assume that the new king Charles III will also continue to use it.

Landole Rolls-Royce Phantom IV chassis number 4BP5 in archive photo from Royal Stables The same car today, pictured from auction catalog
Bonhams The same car today, pictured from auction catalog
Bonhams The same car today, in the picture from auction catalog
BonhamsThe same car today, in the picture from auction catalog
Bonhams

By the way, Queen Elizabeth II used another car of the same model, but with a different body. It's about the Rolls-Royce Phantom IV 1954 years with the Landole body of the legendary English studio Hooper. In order not to confuse our readers: in fact, it was a limousine with a folding rear section of the roof - so that people could better see the monarch during the solemn departure. For example, in this Phantom, the Queen arrived in 1955 at the opening of parliament. An open body was also useful during state visits to hot countries: this particular car can be seen on footage from Sierra Leone, where the queen came in 1961. Interestingly, the terms of reference included: the dimensions of the body should be such that the car fits in the garage of the royal yacht Brittania!

By the way, at first the car did not belong to the royal court at all: on an ongoing basis, an exclusive car was exhibited in the London Rolls-Royce showroom, and only occasionally it was rented for the duration of special events (at the same time, the license plates “OXR 2” were removed, as required regulations). But in 1959, the Queen nevertheless acquired it as a ceremonial car, while selling three old Daimler brand limousines. In the late 80s, the car was retired and transferred to the museum at Sandingham Palace, and in 2002 it was returned to the manufacturer (this was part of the original deal), and in 2018 it was auctioned off.

Landaulet Daimler DK 400 by Hooper
RM Sotheby's

Newsreels of the fifties sometimes show other official cars of Elizabeth II. We mean a pair of long-wheelbase Daimler DK 400 limousine and landaulet bodywork by Hooper. We can assume that Buckingham Palace decided to keep up appearances and not show a clear preference for one brand (and at the same time pay tribute to the tastes of the previous monarch). However, they did not buy the Deimlers into ownership - unlike Rolls-Royces: by agreement with the automaker, they were taken for temporary use whenever such a need arose.

Buckingham Palace is rumored to have cooled off towards the Deimlers after a scandal involving tax evasion by one of the company's top managers. Two cars were built in 1955 and 1956, respectively: they were large (more than 5. 5 m in length) and very tall cars, equipped with a large in-line "six". The 4.6-liter engine developed 167 horsepower and drove the rear wheels through a proprietary gearbox of the so-called preselector type, with a fluid clutch instead of a clutch.

Rolls-Royce Phantom VThis picture clearly shows the huge rear window extending onto the roof

At the end of the fifties, it was decided to update the Queen's fleet of official cars: for this, a couple of Rolls-Royce Phantom V limousines were ordered. The cars transferred to Buckingham Palace in 1960 and 1961 were made according to the latest technology of the time: automatic transmission, power steering air conditioner. Under the hood was a new Rolls-Royce "eight" of the L410 family - now in the V8 configuration. The 6.2-liter engine developed 200 horsepower and was paired with a four-speed automatic. Just because of the air conditioner, the new Phantoms immediately began to be preferred during royal visits to hot countries.

It is absolutely impossible to confuse the royal Phantom V with another car of this family: the bodywork of the Mulliner Park Ward studio is 127 millimeters higher than the serial one - the height of the body pillars and the dimensions of the windows have been increased. In addition, the rear of the roof is made entirely of Plexiglas. All this in order to ensure that during official trips the queen and her husband were clearly visible to everyone - Elizabeth II considered this an important element in the interaction of the monarch with his subjects.

For informal trips, the transparent inserts were covered with a metal cover stored in the trunk of the car. True, the new car turned out to be slightly larger than the previous one, so the bumpers had to be removed from it to load it onto the yacht. Rolls-Royce Phantom V limousines have been in royal service for more than forty years: first as "State Car No. 1" and "No. 2", and from 1978 - as "No. 2" and "No. 3". By the way, one of them even visited Russia during a royal visit in 1994. Now one of these Phantoms can be seen in the museum on the territory of the royal estate of Sandringham in Norfolk.

This Rolls-Royce Phantom VI with an elevated roof served as the "State Car No. 1" from 1978 to 2002

But the main role during that visit to Moscow was played by another Rolls-Royce - a more modern Phantom VI limousine, which at that time had the status of " State No. 1". It was made in 1977 and was presented as a gift from the Society of Automobile Manufacturers and Traders of Great Britain in March 1978, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the reign. Under the hood is the same V8, but with a volume increased to 6.75 liters and a power of 220 horsepower, paired with a three-speed automatic.

Externally, the new Phantom VI was easily identified by its four-headlight lighting system and rear hinged rear doors. It is very similar in proportion to the previous car: the unique body, built by Mulliner Park Ward, stands out with a superstructure height increased by 101 millimeters. The rear part of the roof is also made of transparent plexiglass and, if necessary, is closed with a metal casing. The body frame is steel, and the outer panels are aluminum; the floor in the cabin is completely flat, without a transmission tunnel. This "Phantom" has been the main royal car since 1978 until 2002, but remains part of the Royal Stables to this day.

Another Rolls-Royce Phantom VI limousine from the Royal Stables - in this case, an ordinary one, with a standard height roof

Royce. On the occasion of the golden jubilee of the reign of Elizabeth II, two Bentley limousines were presented. These are truly unique cars, designed and built almost from scratch for official trips. They don't even have a model name: they're just called "Bentley State Limousine". The chassis of the Bentley Arnage sedan was taken as the basis - the wheelbase was increased by 728 millimeters, an original body was developed with a height increased by 255 millimeters. It was built in the division of Bentley Mulliner, responsible for exclusive equipment.

Its proportions are reminiscent of the classic limousines of the fifties, and the neo-retro appearance plays on the same motifs. The car is lightly armored and even equipped with a cunning filter and ventilation system in case of a gas attack. However, as far as we understand, this is more of Bentley's own initiative than the requirement of the Royal Stables - all her life, Elizabeth II used exclusively ordinary unarmored cars, and even after the advent of the armored car, she continued to drive cars without special protection. Under the hood is again the classic V8 Rolls-Royce of the L410 family - in one of its latest evolutions: with two turbochargers, with a capacity of 400 horsepower. The cost of this limousine is estimated at 1.4 million dollars.

Bentley State Limousine

When we were preparing this article, we decided to make a small exception - to add some interesting cars that did not belong to the Queen herself or the British state. We are talking about open-top ceremonial cars, in which Elizabeth II was taken during foreign trips.

This Daimler was owned by the Australian government and was used by the Queen when she visited Australia in 1954 on her Commonwealth round-the-world tour. Or rather, this is one of several cars of this type at once. Only two of the six cars have survived to this day. Moreover, the Landaulet, which has undergone a thorough restoration, is exhibited in the collection of the National Museum of Australia. Back at 19In 48, Australian Prime Minister Ben Chifley placed an order with Daimler: six cars of the prestigious DE 36 model were required for the visit of King George VI in 1949. But the monarch's health deteriorated sharply, and the trip did not take place - and the cars came in handy after his death, when Elizabeth II arrived on the green continent after her coronation. As far as we can judge from historical photographs, there was at least one convertible and one Landaulet among the Daimlers (pictured). Only two of the six cars have survived to this day. Moreover, the Landaulet, which has undergone a thorough restoration, is exhibited in the collection of the National Museum of Australia. In the photo - this car in 20091958 Hooper convertible Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith belonged to the Australian government and was used during visits by members of the royal family in 1962. The Nigerian government simply did not have the money for a car befitting royal status. Therefore, for a royal visit in 1952, a Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith with a "four-door convertible" body of the Hooper company was borrowed from the first billionaire in the country, Louis Odamegwu Ojukwu During a visit to Mauritius at 19In 72, the royal couple was transported in a host car - a Jaguar XJ6 sedan, converted into a convertible by the English studio Taylor Smith.

The state ceremony in the UK has a lot of nuances. For example, when the monarch receives a military parade, a special vehicle is used, in which one is supposed to stand. Which, of course, has its own logic: after all, in the old days, parades were supposed to be received on horseback. Land Rover products are traditionally used in this capacity.

B 19In 1953, the Land Rover Series I SUV was built specifically for the parades - painted in royal "red claret", with a platform in the rear, a folding ladder at the back, transparent screens and a handle to hold on. Later, in 1958, the Land Rover Series II was prepared in Solihull in a similar design. However, we see no point in listing all the machines of this type: there were too many of them. For example, for the Queen's visit to Australia in 1958, six (!) identical ceremonial Land Rovers were built on the Green Continent.

Robert Knight

In 1974, the purpose-built Range Rover took the place of the main front SUV. It was completely roofless, equipped with a side-opening door and a folding ladder at the back, as well as handrails in the rear compartment. But it was finished much richer - with carpets on the floor and leather seats for relaxation. Just this car was lit up during the celebrations of the silver jubilee of the reign in 1977. Now this car, along with the previous Land Rover, can be seen at the British Motor Museum in Gaydon.

Robert Knight

A similar new car was prepared for the queen in the early 90s: it was still the same classic Range Rover, but with all the innovations that were supposed to be in the nineties and a slightly reinforced body structure (for example, the windshield frame was connected to the B-pillar). This car could be seen in full detail in 1994, during the ceremonies in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Allied landings in Normandy.

After the introduction of the brand new third generation Range Rover in 2002, it was made into a parade car for the Queen. The meaning of the alterations is clear from the photo: the body of the five-door SUV lost the rear pair of doors and the rear of the roof - high sides with handrails were built there. The car is still in service, but set aside in the reserve - in case the main ceremonial car breaks down.

The Queen's last parade car was this L405 generation Range Rover. The car was built by Land Rover Special Vehicles in 2015. The long-wheelbase SUV retained the five-door layout, but received a bulkhead behind the front seats, and the roof behind the B-pillar was completely removed, as was the rear window. Handrails were installed at the top along the perimeter of the rear compartment, and a tricky mechanism with retractable steps was installed in the thresholds. Curiously, this car is a diesel-electric hybrid, and during the parade it moves on electric traction, without turning on the internal combustion engine.

One might get the impression that the British Queen always, without exception, used cars of domestic, English production. Indeed, all the ceremonial limousines from the Royal Stables, as well as the personal cars of Elizabeth II, were made in England. But during foreign visits, the queen was often driven in cars of other brands. Of course, we will not undertake to list all possible machines. But we will show the most curious ones.

State visit to France at 1972: here the Queen, along with President Georges Pompidou, greets the French from the front convertible Citroen SMVisit to West Germany in 1966 - and the Mercedes-Benz 600 (W100) landole during an official visit to Oslo (Norway) The future queen gets out of a Cadillac convertible during a visit to Vancouver, Canada in 1951. Pay attention to a curious detail - a transparent awning
City of Vancouver Archives

The Queen often and with pleasure visited automobile production: in the archives we found footage from the factories of Jaguar, Ford, Renault, Aston Martin.

This photo shows a visit to the Aston Martin factory in 1966 The Queen at the Ford plant in New Zealand (1954) At the Jaguar engine building plant in 1956

In private life

Now that you know everything about the official crews of the Queen of England, we must remind you that Elizabeth II also had personal cars. And although with her position, the Queen could use the services of a personal chauffeur all her life, she was happy to drive herself - for example, when she visited the family castle of Balmoral in Scotland. Elizabeth's first personal car was Daimler DB 18 - back in 19In 44, the princess received a mid-size sedan with a 2.5-liter six-cylinder engine as a gift from her father for her 18th birthday.

We assume that in the photo of 1957, Elizabeth II is driving a Daimler DB 18. Next to her are her children - Prince Charles and Princess Anne. Judging by the picture, the car was equipped with a custom body “Empress” by the elite studio Hooper. By the way, his license plate "JGY 280" was then inherited for many years on the following cars. In 1948, members of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force presented Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip with another Daimler - this time a larger DE27](/news/daimler-32-years-24-06-2022.htm) with a 4.1-liter straight-six.

In the 1950s at Sandringham Estate, the Queen and her husband were often seen driving a 1956 Ford Zephyr. In appearance, it is easy to guess that the car was purely economic: the serial Ford sedan was converted into a spacious station wagon with a high roof, which could accommodate as many as nine riders with luggage. As was often done in those days, the piece body was made of wood and metal: part of the frame, door window frames and decorative inserts on the sides were made of wood. Well, in technical terms, everything was as usual: under the hood was a 2.6-liter in-line six-cylinder Ford engine with a capacity of 86 horsepower. The car can still be seen today - it is exhibited in the museum on the territory of Sandringham Castle.

Box wagon based on Ford Zephyr

This 1961 Vauxhall is said to have been Queen Elizabeth II's favorite car. The practical station wagon is the product of a small-scale conversion of the Cresta (PA) sedan, with a new rear end designed by E. D. Abbott Ltd and bodybuilder Friary Motors Ltd of Basingstoke, west of London. As a late model, the royal Vauxhall received a more powerful 2. 6-liter six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 95 horsepower.

The royal car was distinguished from the usual wagon by a lot of nuances - dark "imperial green", which was not offered for serial Vauxhalls, a dog grill in the trunk, chrome-plated rod holders on the roof and gun holders in the cabin. Elizabeth II used this car for many years, and now it can be seen in the museum on the territory of Sandringham Palace. By the way, all these years the car wore a funny number plate "MYT 1" - which can be broadcast as "Mighty One", "mighty".

Vauxhall Cresta PA Friary Estate (1961) Vauxhall Cresta PA Friary Estate (1961)

The Queen continued to favor station wagons: for example, in 1967 she moved to the next generation Vauxhall Cresta (PC). Although such station wagons were officially sold through a dealer network, they were converted in small batches from sedans by Martin Walter. Royal transport practically did not differ from an ordinary car. Like the rest of the Crosses of that generation, under the hood it had a 3. 3 inline-six with a capacity of 115 horsepower. Alas, the car apparently has not survived to this day - according to rumors, it was sent for scrap in the middle of 90's.

But the Vauxhall Viceroy, acquired by the Queen in 1982, is one of a kind. In continental Europe, such cars were known as Opel Rekord (four-cylinder versions) and Opel Commodore (more expensive six-cylinder versions). But in the UK, in the station wagon body, you could only get the base Vauxhall Carlton, while the premium Viceroy could only be a sedan. But for the monarch, of course, they made an exception. A kind of hybrid was assembled at the Luton plant: a 2.5-liter “six” with an automatic transmission from Viceroy was installed in the body of the Carlton station wagon.

Specially for the queen, the car was repainted from light green to dark "Balmoral Green". Interestingly, the equipment of the car is by no means luxurious: the station wagon was a real “workhorse” in the royal estate, so the seats are sheathed with simple leatherette, the power windows are manual, and a tow bar is already installed under the rear bumper from the factory to tow a trailer with horses. The car has survived intact to this day, and is now owned by Vauxhall brand lover John Worth. The Englishman bought the station wagon five years ago and spent three years restoring it to bring it back to its original state.

ReallyLoud.co.uk

People who closely followed the royal family say that in the 2000s the queen traveled in a Vauxhall Vectra station wagon with a 2.8 turbo engine, but we could not find photographs of this car. Much more famous is the fact that at the beginning of the 2000s, Elizabeth II drove a Jaguar X-type station wagon to her estate. Yes, the small Jaguar on the Ford Mondeo chassis is considered a failure, but the queen was quite pleased with it - so much so that in 2009 she bought herself a second one. Restyled car 2009of the year in the Sovereign configuration with a 3.0 V6 gasoline engine was sold in 2016: the buyer paid 15 thousand pounds for a car with a mileage of 7600 miles, not even guessing who was the first owner! But the fate of the first car is unclear: apparently, it is still in the royal garage.

Two Jaguar X-Type station wagons in the royal estate: pre-styling ...... and updated, with different bumpers

In fact, during the years of her reign, Queen Elizabeth II owned and used a huge number of different cars. Some are widely known, because they got into the newsreel or photographs, about some cars the details are clarified only years later. Among the first - high-speed sedan Rover P5 of the sixties. Due to the fact that the same number plate "JGY 280" was used on these cars, we cannot say exactly how many of these cars the queen had. But the last of these cars is the P5B 19 sedan.71 years old with the most powerful V8 3.5 engine - is in the collection of the automobile museum in Gaydon.

Also well known are the large Daimler sedans that the queen traveled in from the 1980s to the 2000s. In a 1984 Daimler Double Six with a V12 engine, she drove 12,000 miles (the car was auctioned in 2019) until she changed it to a similar car in 1991. At the beginning of the 2000s, she was repeatedly seen driving a long-wheelbase Daimler V8 Super (X300) with a 280 horsepower V8 4. 0 engine - the queen dashed 11 thousand miles on it, until in 2004 the car was transferred to the Jaguar Daimler Heritage Trust collection, and in 2017- m not sold at auction. And this year, a Rover 827 Sterling, bought by the Queen at 1993 year.

The Queen driving a 1984 Daimler Double Six......and a modern aluminum-bodied Super Eight, the latest model in the history of the British brand Daimler

The most anecdotal fact about the Queen's personal cars: it turns out that she owned for some time... an inexpensive rear-engined sedan Renault Dauphine. The light blue car of the French brand was presented to her by the head of the company, Pierre Dreyfus, in 1957, during the visit of the monarch to the factory in Flin. The sedan differed from serial counterparts in leather upholstery, spoked wheels and tires with white sidewalls.

It is curious that the car was not made in France at all, but in the UK, at the Renault plant in Acton. So Elizabeth II did not violate the principles - she owned only English-made cars! Unfortunately, Renault did not live up to our time. First, the car was in a serious accident - turned over (no one from the royal family was involved in the incident). Well, the next owner in 1971 broke it completely.

English off-road

In addition, the royal family were loyal customers of the Land Rover brand. And now we are not talking about ceremonial vehicles for military parades, which we wrote about above. Extensive holdings in different parts of the UK and frequent trips to equestrian competitions required spacious and passable transport. So in the garage of Queen Elizabeth II and her husband there were always Land Rover SUVs. They are hardly amenable to exact calculation, but we will still give a few photos.

Photo from the sixties equestrian competitions: in the center of the frame is a long-wheelbase five-door Land Rover "second series" with a license plate "JYV 1D". However, in different photographs there are at least two different cars with the same number, which is clearly indicated by differently located headlights.

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